So, last term commenced with two papers, one “Conservation as Luxury or Life?” looking at the conflicting perspectives regarding the effectiveness of an Integrated Conservation and Development Project- Ranomafana National Park, and  “Opportunity for a Future” (attached here).

Opportunity for a Future

Madagascar was once described as an island committing ecological suicide (King Phillip II, 1984). But “suicide” presumes the Malagasy people have a choice, which is far from the reality. Drawing on Amartya Sen’s Theory of Capability, this paper explores what opportunities children need to have in order to be capable of “free and sustainable agency”. Madagascar’s extraordinary poverty and environmental destruction limit their options for future development. Education should prepare children for living in ways that are valuable for their livelihood, but with a political crisis, lack of funding, and decades of neglect, Madagascar’s schools have a long way to go to meet children’s basic academic needs, let alone what they have reason to value. Children’s learning also happens outside of the classroom, and I look at how exclusion from remaining biodiversity limits their freedom to determine a more sustainable and healthy future. 

Open here: Opportunity for a Future